Es ist sehr wichtig, dass Ihr Kind in einer angemessenen Rückhalteeinrichtung reist, die:
- Entspricht der Norm der Vereinten Nationen, ECE-Regelung 44.04 (oder R 44.03) oder der neuen i-Size-Regelung, R129. Achten Sie auf das E-Zeichen auf dem Sitz.
- Ist für das Gewicht und die Größe Ihres Kindes geeignet
- Ist gemäß den Anweisungen des Herstellers korrekt montiert.
Es gibt viele verschiedene Typen. Sie sind nach dem Gewicht der Kinder, für die sie geeignet sind, in Kategorien unterteilt. Diese entsprechen im Großen und Ganzen den verschiedenen Altersgruppen, aber es ist das Gewicht des Kindes, das am wichtigsten ist, wenn es darum geht, welche Art von Kindersitz verwendet wird. i-Size-Sitze sind so konzipiert, dass Kinder bis zu einem Alter von mindestens 15 Monaten nicht nach hinten zeigen.
|Art der Kindersicherung||Verordnung||Gewichtsspanne||Ca. Altersspanne|
0 - 10 kg
|Geburt bis 6-9 Monate|
0 - 13 kg
|Geburt bis 12-15 Monate|
|Kombisitz (nach hinten und nach vorne gerichtet)||R44||Gruppe 0+ und 1|
|Geburt - 4 Jahre|
|R44||Gruppe 0+, 1 & 2|
Geburt bis 25 kg
|Geburt bis 6 Jahre|
15 - 25 kg
|4 bis 6 Jahre|
|Hochlehner-Sitzerhöhung||Gruppe 2 und 3|
15 - 36 kg
|4 bis 11 Jahre|
|Symbol Description||Standard followed|
|Tick Mark||Australia and New Zealand standard - AS/NZ 1754|
|'E' mark und ein Nummer||European Standard - ECE 44|
|'S' mark||United States Standard - FMVSS 213|
The number after 'E' in the ECE 44 standard indicates as to which country certifies the child restraint. Hence the number differs between countries. The EU (European Union) also has similar symbols to indicate safety standards for children travelling in a vehicle.
As an EU member states, products used in Spain should comply with European Union single market definitions.
- Front seats: children younger than 12 years or smaller than 4 feet 5 inches must use a child-safety seat. Persons bigger than 135 cm (4 ft 5 in) may use the adult safety belt.
- Rear seats: persons smaller than 135 cm (4'6") must use a child-safety seat. Also true for k >United Kingdom
As an EU member states, and at least till Brexit, products used in United Kingdom should comply with European Union single market definitions.
From September 18, 2006, All children under the age of 12 have to use some form of child car seat, unless they are taller than 135 cm (4 ft 5in).
- In 2003, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) suggested that infants “should spend minimal time in car seats (when not a passenger in a vehicle) or other seating that maintains supine positioning” to avo >
- Child restraint requirements differ for the various states in the United States.
- In Flor > Though it is not included in every state's law, no child safety restraint marketed to the US will accommodate an infant less than 20 pounds, some no less than 22 pounds, in a forward-facing position. As of 2011, most children r >Manufacturing
Though there are hundreds of variations of makes and models in the world of child safety seats, the materials used in the manufacturing process are basically the same. Factories in which the seats are put together receive loads of polypropylene pellets. Foam makes up the padding of the individual seats, while vinyl and fabrics are used to make up the covers for the seats as well as the harnesses.
A safety seat increases the safety of a properly restrained child in the case of a motor vehicle acc > Zitat benötigt . Periodically, child safety seats are recalled by manufacturers for safety reasons. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration posts a link to recent recall information at nhtsa.gov.
There are different types of child safety seats for children of different sizes and ages.
- Infant seats - Child safety seats made specifically for infants are the smallest and have carrying handles for easy carrying and loading. Newborns are most often placed in a rear-facing seat. These seats are designed for infants is up to 22 pounds (10.0 kg) to 32 pounds (15 kg), depending on the model.
- Convertible seats - Similar to the infant seat, the convertible seat can be used in a rear- or forward-facing position and is used for children typically beginning at 5 pounds (2.3 kg) up to 50 pounds (23 kg). The rear-facing position is used for children until they weigh more than 20 pounds (9.1 kg) and are at least two years old. Research studies and crash test results show that children are safer in a rear-facing child safety seat. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends keeping children in a rear-facing seat until “they are 2 years of age or until they reach the highest weight or height allowed by their car safety seat’s manufacturer” (www.healthychildren.org).
- Combination seats - The combination seat or five-point booster is a forward-facing seat that has a five-point harness system. It can be modified to a belt-positioning booster by removing some webbing
- Booster seats - The earlier described combination seat can become a high-back belt-positioning booster. There is also a high-back belt positioning-booster that is available for that purpose only. The other type of belt-positioning booster is the low-back or no-back booster. The major differences between the low- and high-back booster seats are head support and improved protection in s > From the ages of eight to twelve, children may have outgrown their booster seats and can be permitted to use regular adult seat restraints. It is suggested that, until the age of thirteen, the child remains in the back seat.
Manufacturers have quality controls to ensure seats are properly put together and packaged. However, it is not guaranteed that the included instructions are always adhered to and correctly followed. Up to 95% of the safety seats that are installed may not be the right seat for the child, may be hooked into the vehicle loosely, may be hooked with an incompatible belt in the vehicle, may have harnesses incorrectly fastened in some way, or may be incorrectly placed in front of air bags. In 1997, six out of ten children who were killed in vehicle crashes were not correctly restrained.
Along with the problem of instructions not being followed properly, there are other hazards that can affect children involving these safety seats. A recent study Klärung erforderlich attributed many cases of sudden infant death syndrome (S > His warning came after the death of a two-month-old boy who was left to nap in a child safety seat positioned ins > This means that the child was in a position causing him to slowly lose his supply of oxygen. Coroner Jacques Robinson sa >
The American Academy of Pediatrics says to “make sure the seat is at the correct angle so your infant’s head does not flop forward. Many seats have angle indicators or adjusters that can help prevent this. If your seat does not have an angle adjuster, tilt the car safety seat back by putting a rolled towel or other firm padding (such as a pool noodle) under the base near the point where the back and bottom of the vehicle seat meet.” Safety seats come with an instruction booklet with additional information on the appropriate angle for the seat.
There has been some criticism of forward-facing child safety seats, in particular by the economist Steven D. Levitt, author of the popular book Freakonomics. Levitt's study and findings have been criticized and refuted by subsequent peer reviewed studies, which found child safety seats offer a cons >